He says there are a lot of "bad worries" about Everett MW, such as it being not falsifiable. It postulates other worlds that we cannot visit.
His answer is that you can believe in the worlds because they can be described by the Schroedinger equation. MW could be falsified by disproving that equation. He then refuses to give any more arguments against MW, as he just wants to say what is good about it.
This argument is really stupid. Say you have a cat in a superposition of alive and dead. Then you observe it dead. QM nows says you have a wave function of a dead cat. MW says you still have a live cat in a parallel universe.
Somehow that live cat has to be postulated and taken on faith, as it is impossible to observe.
Carroll would presumably say that QM cannot predict whether the cat is alive or dead, so MW is not a postulate, but just continuing to believe in that uncertainty even after you determine that the cat is dead.
Got it? Idiotic.
Many-Worlds is just like the following fantasy: There is no such thing as probability. Every time you say that there is a chance of several things happening, and you see one, then what really happened was that the world split into parallel worlds, with each thing happening in its own world. All things happened, and probability is just the illusion of getting disconnected from the other worlds.
The Northern Irish physicist John Stewart Bell (1928–1990), who worked at CERN, the European particle physics laboratory, took a closer look at the problem. He discovered that there is a type of experiment that can determine whether the world is purely quantum mechanical, or whether there could be another description with hidden variables. If his experiment is repeated many times, all theories with hidden variables show a correlation between the results that must be lower than, or at most equal to, a specific value. This is called Bell’s inequality.And also:
John Clauser developed John Bell’s ideas, leading to a practical experiment. When he took the measurements, they supported quantum mechanics by clearly violating a Bell inequality. This means that quantum mechanics cannot be replaced by a theory that uses hidden variables.This is saying that Bell showed how QM can be distinguished from classical theories, and the prize was given for the experiment confirming QM.
Bell's Theorem is a mathematical theorem, so it has technical hypotheses. Violating the hypotheses gives loopholes. The main ones are: action-at-a-distance, retrocausality, multiple outcomes, and superdeterminism. These are all outlandish, and my guess is that no one on the Nobel committee believes in any of them. The Nobel description is correct. It just skips over the unphysical loopholes.
There is no need to go into any of this in a Nobel press release. They are clear that the prize is only being given for experimental work, and not for any endorsement of theoretical interpretaions by Bell or anyone else. Clauser thought that he would disprove QM, but instead he confirmed it.