The starting idea of the natural sciences is that the world operates by rules that can be discovered by observations on scales large or small, depending on what interests you. In fundamental physics, the subject of this essay, the idea is narrowed to four starting assumptions.These sound reasonable, but they leave no room for many-worlds theory, string theory, simulation hypothesis, superdeterminism, or many of the ideas that are now fashionables.
A: The world operates by rules and the logic of their application that can be discovered, in successive approximations.
B: A useful approximation to the rules and logic, a theory, yields reliably computed quantitative predictions that agree with reliable and repeatable mea- surements, within the uncertainties of the predictions and measurements.
C: Fundamental physical science is growing more complete by advances in the quantity, variety, and precision of empirical fits to predictions, and by occa- sional unifications that demote well-tested fundamental physical theories to useful approximations to still better theories.
D: Research in fundamental physical science is advancing toward a unique mind-independent reality.
The essay gives way too much attention to philosopher Thomas Kuhn.
It quotes Einstein:
The supreme task of the physicist is to arrive at those universal elemen- tary laws from which the cosmos can be built up by pure deduction.This sounds a little like Weinberg's mythical Final Theory, also discussed.
No, trying to build the cosmos from pure deduction is foolishness.