What do Einstein, Mother Teresa, Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Newton, Jesus, Mandela, Edison, Lincoln and the Buddha all have in common? They all make up the top 10 heroes in world history. As regards the villains, the first 10 positions are occupied by Adolf Hitler, Osama bin Laden, Saddam Hussein, George W. Bush, Stalin, Mao, Lenin, Genghis Khan, Saladin, the emperor Qin and Napoleon.Here is the full paper.
This classification into heroes and villains is the result of a study carried out jointly across the world by various universities, including the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country. 6,902 university students voluntarily participated in this international research; their average age was 23 and they were drawn from 37 countries, such as Argentina, Australia, Pakistan, South Korea, USA, India, Tunisia, Italy, Japan. The work was based on the evaluation that these young adults have made of 40 figures and significant events in world history.
You may wonder why I badmouth Einstein so much, when he made some legitimate scientific contributions. This is why. He is wildly overrated, and people have learned the wrong lessons from him.
Some of those other characters are overrated also. If Saddam Hussein were really such a great villain, then G.W. Bush would be a great hero for destroying him. And I am surprised that so many people outside the USA have even heard of Martin Luther King.